Liuqiu, a Small Island That Abounds With Natural Beauty

Liuqiu, also called Xiao Liuqiu or Little Liuqiu (小琉球), is a beautiful island with abundant coral reefs that abounds with natural beauty. It is approximately 15 kilometers off the west coast of Southern Taiwan’s Pingtung County (屏東縣) and is easily accessible by ferry boat from Tongkang (東港).

Please watch the following video about Liuqiu island.

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As soon as visitors arrive at Liuqiu, they find themselves immersed in a different environment. Except for Kenting National Park, it is hard to find a similar tourist destination in Taiwan.

Taiwan's Liuqiu abounds with natural beauties. (Image: Billy Shyu / Nspirement)
Taiwan’s Liuqiu island abounds with natural beauty. (Image: Billy Shyu via Nspirement)

As part of the Dapeng Bay National Scenic Area (大鵬灣風景區), Liuqiu was formed by rising coastal coral reefs. With an area of 6.8 square kilometers, it is Taiwan’s only large coral island. The island is 4 kilometers long from north to south, and 2 kilometers wide from east to west, with a coastal road of 18 kilometers.

The giant stone lion sculpture at Luqiu's Fuan Temple. (Image: Julia Fu / Nspirement)
The giant stone lion sculpture at Luqiu’s Fuan Temple. (Image: Julia Fu via Nspirement)

Liuqiu has a population of about 12,300 and most make their living by fishing. As fishing is a dangerous occupation, the vast majority of the residents are devout believers in various religions, especially Taoism. There are over 80 temples on this tiny island, among them are Biyun Temple (碧雲寺), Sanlung Temple (三隆宮), and Lingshan Temple (靈山寺).

There are over 80 temples on Liuqiu and most of them have beautiful sculptures on the roof. (Image: Billy Shyu / Nspirement)
There are over 80 temples on Liuqiu and most of them have beautiful sculptures on the roof. (Image: Billy Shyu via Nspirement)

Additionally, there are five large Groundskeeper God Temples (Local Guardian God Temples福德正神廟) in Liuqiu’s eight villages, representing the four major local forces on the island. Since the number of deity statues in Liuqiu outnumbers the population, many residents joke that each of them is guarded by at least one statue.

Vase Rock (花瓶石) in Liuqiu is often the first destination for visitors. (Image: Courtesy of Xue Jiancheng)
Vase Rock (花瓶石) in Liuqiu is often the first destination for visitors. (Image: via Xue Jiancheng)

As the island’s shores are mostly composed of eroded coral reefs, there are many interesting coral reef formations and caves along the shore. Standing approximately nine meters above sea level, Vase Rock (花瓶石) has a large head with plants growing on the top and a narrow body due to sea erosion. It is the iconic landmark of Liuqiu, and is often the first destination for visitors.

As Liuqiu was formed by the rising of the coastal coral reefs, there are many natural caves. (Image: Billy Shyu / Nspirement)
As Liuqiu was formed by the rising coral reefs, there are many natural caves. (Image: Billy Shyu via Nspirement)

Beauty Cave (美人洞風景區) is located in the northeast corner of the island. In addition to numerous reef rocks of various sizes, it has a unique 4-kilometer-long walkway.

The beautiful Liuchiu Yu Lighthouse was built in 1929.

The beautiful Liuchiu Yu Lighthouse was established in 1929. (Image: Maritime and Port Bureau, Ministry of Transportation and Communications, Taiwan)
The beautiful Liuchiu Yu Lighthouse was built in 1929. (Image: via Maritime and Port Bureau, Ministry of Transportation and Communications, Taiwan)

There are many gorgeous attractions on Liuqiu

Visitors are often amazed by the gorgeous attractions along the walkway, including Qu-jing-tan-you (曲徑探幽), the Sky Out of the Sky (天外天), Bats Cave (蝙蝠洞), Lover Plain (蝙蝠洞), Immortal’s Cave (仙人洞), Immortal’s Spring (仙人泉), Pleasant Garden (怡然園), Enchanted Array (迷人陣), One-lined Sky (一線天), Ocean-view Pavilion (望海亭), and Beauty Cave (美人洞). The scenery at each turning point on the walkway is especially enchanting.

There are many unique hiking trails in Liuqiu. (Image: Billy Shyu / Nspirement)
There are many unique hiking trails in Liuqiu. (Image: Billy Shyu via Nspirement)

Black Dwarf Cave (烏鬼洞風景區) is another popular spot that can’t be missed. Located in the southwestern part of the island, the most intriguing part of this cave is its narrow passageway that penetrates lava rock formations. The passageway is so narrow that only one person can squeeze through it at a time, so it usually has a long line at the entrance.

Black Dwarf Cave (烏鬼洞) is a popular tourist attraction that can’t be missed. (Image: Billy Shyu / Nspirement)
Black Dwarf Cave (烏鬼洞) is a popular tourist attraction that can’t be missed. (Image: Billy Shyu via Nspirement)

Not only is the passageway very narrow and steep, but it’s also dark and damp, and rather exciting to explore this passageway. However, it also scares away some timid visitors from time to time. Still, there are picturesque walking trails and it’s great to take in the magnificent view from the pavilion.

A picturesque hiking trail at the Black Dwarf Cave in Liuqiu. (Image: Billy Shyu / Nspirement)
A picturesque hiking trail at the Black Dwarf Cave in Liuqiu. (Image: Billy Shyu via Nspirement)

Liuqiu is also a popular destination for scuba diving and snorkeling due to its crystal clear waters and fabulous underwater scenes.

Another activity often favored by visitors is a night tour by scooter or car which is readily available for rent. It is exciting to explore nocturnal creatures, plants, and the night view of the main island and the myriad of stars in the night sky.

Visitors can have a guided night tour by scooter to see the intriguing yellow starfish. (Image: Billy Shyu / Nspirement)
Visitors can have a guided night tour by scooter to see the intriguing yellow starfish. (Image: Billy Shyu via Nspirement)

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