Wednesday, June 16, 2021

Study Finds Nature Is Proving to Be an Awesome Medicine For PTSD

The awe we feel in nature can dramatically reduce symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, according to UC Berkeley research that tracked psychological and physiological changes in war veterans and at-risk inner-city youth during white-water rafting trips.

Psychologists tested nature’s healing powers on 72 military veterans and, separately, on 52 teens from underserved Bay Area communities during and after dozens of one- and two-day rafting excursions along the South Fork of the American River in California. They also studied a dozen veterans during and after a four-day white-water rafting trip along Utah’s Green River.

Their findings, reported in two articles published in the journal Emotion, suggest that awe — as opposed to joy, pride, amusement, contentment, and other positive emotions — is the singular sensation that goes the furthest in boosting one’s overall sense of well-being. Study lead author Craig Anderson, a postdoctoral researcher and fellow at UC Berkeley and at UCSF, said:

Indeed, a week after river-rafting, study cohorts reported, on average, a 29 percent reduction in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, a 21 percent decrease in general stress, a 10 percent improvement in social relationships, a 9 percent improvement in life satisfaction, and an 8 percent increase in happiness.

Notably, teams paddling in the same vessel experienced similar benefits, which strongly suggests that awe is contagious, Anderson added:

Anderson, an outdoorsman, launched the river-rafting study in 2014 in partnership with the Sierra Club’s Great Outdoors Lab. They targeted war veterans and at-risk teens for the study due to their heightened exposure to the kinds of trauma that cause PTSD, a potentially debilitating condition arising from harrowing life experiences.

Video courtesy of Craig Anderson.
Anderson, an outdoorsman, launched the river-rafting study in 2014 in partnership with the Sierra Club’s Great Outdoors Lab. (From video courtesy of Craig Anderson.)

Symptoms include anxiety, depression, irritability, paranoia, social isolation, poor immune function, increased risk of heart disease, flashbacks, and nightmares, and can lead to domestic violence, self-harm, and suicide. An estimated 31 percent of Vietnam veterans, 10 percent of Gulf War veterans, and 31 percent of veterans of wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have been diagnosed with PTSD.

At the same time, untold numbers of youths in underserved communities where gun violence is common suffer from war-zone-like rates of PTSD. For the study, researchers tested the veterans’ and the teens’ stress hormones and markers of immune function before and after the rafting trips.

In addition to tracking study participants’ emotional trajectories through their daily journals, researchers viewed video footage from GoPro cameras worn by study participants and coded their facial expressions, body language, and interactions to analyze their social and psychological states.

All the measures pointed to a significant improvement in their health and well-being following the white-water rafting trips. In a separate study, also published in the journal Emotion, researchers looked at the effects of more serene nature outings on 119 UC Berkeley undergraduates as they journaled about their daily experiences over the course of two weeks.

The results indicated that, of all their experiences, their encounters with nature were most likely to elicit feelings of awe, which in turn improved their sense of well-being. Anderson said:

Provided by: UC Berkeley [Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.]

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Troy Oakes
Troy was born and raised in Australia and has always wanted to know why and how things work, which led him to his love for science. He is a professional photographer and enjoys taking pictures of Australia's beautiful landscapes. He is also a professional storm chaser where he currently lives in Hervey Bay, Australia.

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