The Critical Importance of Family Precepts

Multi-generational festive family gathering.

A multi-generational festive family gathering In traditional Chinese culture — great emphasis is placed on family education and cultivation of a good character. (Image: via Wikimedia Commons)

Most families in the Western world have a family crest, a coat of arms, or a family motto that serves as the philosophy, or family precepts, and is an inspirational call to excellence for each generation. The motto is usually written in Latin, such as Semper Fidelis — Always Faithful, or in French, such as A coeur valliant, rien impossible — To a valiant heart, nothing is impossible.

In traditional Chinese culture, great emphasis is placed on family education and good character cultivation. Stories such as Zengzi, who killed a pig to teach his son about keeping one’s promise, and the mother of Mencius, who moved house three times to change the surroundings to benefit her son’s upbringing.

Subscribe to our Newsletter!

Receive selected content straight into your inbox.

Family priorities: the mother of Mencius moved house three times for her son’s education

Mencius said: “If you don’t follow the ruler and the round gauge, you can’t make a square and a circle.” When Mencius was a child, he lived near a cemetery, so he learned how to pay respects to the deceased and he played funeral games.

His mother thought that living near the cemetery was not good for her child, so she moved to the marketplace where Mencius learned how to be a merchant — in those days, merchants were not well respected by the people.

Mencius' family moved house three times so that he could receive a better education.
Temple of Mencius in Zoucheng. Mencius’ family moved house three times so that he could achieve a better education. (Image: via Wikimedia Commons)

His mother decided that the marketplace was still not the right location for her child, and the family moved house once again to live next to a school. There, Mencius learned how and when to bow at the court and the etiquette of entering and leaving the court.

Mother Mencius said: “This is the place for my child.” And they finally settled down there.

Family precepts: prime minister Zhuge Liang taught his children well

Zhuge Liang was the great general and prime minister of Dong Han during the Three Kingdom era. He taught his children to have ambitious aspirations. At the age of 54, he wrote the famous Book of Commandments for his 8-year-old son, Zhuge Zhan.

“The conduct of a gentleman is to cultivate his body with tranquillity and to cultivate his virtue with frugality; there is no ambition without letting go of fame and wealth, and no ambition without fully concentrated learning. Knowledge and skills must be learned, with learning to broaden the talent and the will to learn successfully.”

Zhuge Liang had high hopes for his children, who later became indifferent to fame and fortune, devoted to serving the kingdom, and making contributions to the kingdom and the society, which is precisely the meaning and value of “tranquillity” and “reaching for the future.”

Zeng Guofan’s family motto

“A frugal family will become prosperous; a diligent person will be healthy; a diligent and frugal person will never be poor.”

Zeng Guofan was an outstanding politician, strategist, and literary scholar during the Qing Dynasty. His family motto was: “A frugal family will become prosperous; a diligent person will be healthy; a diligent and frugal person will never be poor.”

For a family following righteous principles and family precepts, prosperity continues from one generation to the next.
For a family following righteous principles, prosperity continues from one generation to the next. (Image: Edoma via Dreamstime)

Zeng Guofan left four wills for his descendants

One: Be cautiously solitary to achieve tranquillity in heart;

Two: Be respectful to be physically strong;

Three: Pursue benevolence to be happy;

Four: Participate in labor to be respected by all beings

These wise pieces of advice were passed on to his children and grandchildren from generation to generation, and Zeng’s family became prosperous and long-lasting.

Translated by Yi Ming and edited by Helen

Follow us on TwitterFacebook, or Pinterest

Recommended Stories

Rare snowfall in Joshua Tree National Park

Rare Snow Covers Joshua Tree National Park

The dry landscape of Joshua Tree National Park was covered in layers of white due ...

Computer programmers.

Front-end Development in 4 Steps

Changing careers might be daunting. However, pursuing more than one job route throughout your lifetime ...

Mother helping her young daughter with a school lesson.

A Simple Guide for Homeschooling: Parents and Students

While most children attend public or private schools, an increasing percentage are homeschooled. Learn more ...

Tian Han (R) and

Tian Han, the Persecuted Writer of China’s National Anthem

China’s now-beloved national anthem March of the Volunteers was written in 1931 by lyricist Tian ...

A Chinese paddlefish.

One of the World’s Oldest and Largest Fish Is Now Extinct

Chinese paddlefish, which reached up to 23 feet in length, have become extinct according to ...

Trees growing in a shallow lake.

A Very Rare Turtle Just Died, Pushing the Species Close to Extinction

On April 12, a female Yangtze giant softshell turtle died in the Suzhou Shangfangshan Forest ...

A slider turtle.

Chinese Flight Crew Arrested for Smuggling Endangered Turtles

On June 21, two China Eastern Airlines crew members were arrested at Los Angeles International ...

A Uyghur father and son sharing with a friend.

Chinese Government Now Forcing Uyghurs to Use Sinicized Furniture

In what seems like a bizarre demand, the Chinese regime is now asking the Uyghur ...

Three Uyghur children.

Over Half a Million Uyghur Children Separated From Their Parents

Beijing’s persecution of Uyghurs is not only affecting adults but also Uyghur children, according to ...

Send this to a friend