Monday, October 18, 2021

Hawaii’s Nutritional Taro Root and Recipes

The edible taro is a corm that is cut from the Colocasia esculenta plant. Its root system stores its nutrients inside a thick swollen part of the root. This section is chopped, peeled, then cooked and added to a meal. The word esculenta is the Latin word for edible. Captain Cook found the Colocasia growing in New Zealand and it is believed that he named the corm taro, which is a word derived from the Maori language. The plant is also commonly known as Elephant Ears and it has many other names in many different countries.

Taro is grown throughout most parts of the world and thrives in moist tropical environments. It is one of the first types of plants to be cultivated and was introduced to many countries to be grown as a food or as an exotic plant. An archaeological study in the Solomon Islands has shown evidence of its utilization for 28,000 years. Where it has been introduced in some parts of America and Australia, it has overgrown its welcome and is thought of as a weed.

The taro corm has been cut in half and you can see it is hard and white on the inside and has flecks of purple scattered through the corm. The taro corm behind it has not been cut and show the rough skin. The taro corm rough skin centre and leaves are poisonous if eaten not cooked. Taro corm must be peeled and cooked before eating.

The edible part of the taro plant is the corm that is pictured. The taro corm must be peeled and cooked before eating. If the taro is not cooked, it is poisonous to eat. (Image: Varintorn Kantawong via Pixabay)

In Hawaii, the taro plant is known as kalo and it is a significant part of their religion and culture. The Hawaiian people tell a story about the earliest of times when the world was mystical. The creation of taro began with the Earth Mother, Papahanaumoku, and the Sky Father, Wakea. The two are of high divine rank and they married.

Together, the two united and became the symbol of the land and the sky or you could say heaven and earth. They made and formed the Islands of Hawaii. Afterward, Papahanaumoku gave birth to their baby girl and she grew up to be a beautiful young woman. She was called Ho’ohokukalani, which translates as the heavenly one who made the stars.

A painting of a traditional Hawaii temple with statues carved out of palm tree trunks. The temple is made out of Palm leaves and wooden. A rock fence and the beach is in the front of the picture with Hawaiian people dressed in traditional dress.

A depiction of a royal heiau (Hawaiian temple) at Kealakekua Bay, c. 1816. (Image: via Wikimedia Commons)
 

Wakea desired his daughter and he was afraid of Papahanaumoku, so he arranged for a priest to take his wife away. Ho’ohokukalani and Wakea came together and conceived a child, but the baby was a stillborn son. The baby’s name was Haloa. Where Haloa was buried, a plant grew with heart-shaped leaves and it was called kalo. Wakea and Ho’ohokukalani then gave birth to another son and he was also named Haloa — the Hawaiian people descended from him. Papahanaumoku is respected and known as the mother of the Hawaiian people. In Hawaii, they understand the reason that kalo grows in other parts of the world is that they are related to the rest of the world.

Rectangle chunks of fried taro placed neatly on a white plate with cucumber.

Picture of fried taro being served. (Image: by qq53536283 via Pixabay) 

Eating taro

The part of the plant that can be eaten is the corm and the leaves, both of which must be cooked. People who eat taro as a staple part of their diet instead of consuming grains have strong, healthy, white teeth. It also has antiseptic properties in it that clean the mouth and it contains nutrients that improve vision. It also heals the stomach.

Eating taro in a meal makes you feel full and this is good for those wanting to lose weight. Eating it in a balanced diet can lower blood sugar levels and blood pressure and it can benefit the skin, muscles, and nerves. It has a lot of nutritional value — the corms have vitamin A, C, E, and B6 along with magnesium, manganese, folate, zinc, iron, copper, phosphorous, potassium, fiber, carbohydrates, antioxidants, and a small amount of protein. All the beneficial nutrients that make up the taro give it the ability, when eaten regularly, to ward off sickness, such as digestion problems, stopping cancer from forming, and strengthening the immune system. it is a food that can maintain a healthy body.

The corm root contains calcium oxalates in needle-like crystals and the leaves and stem have poisons in them as well. Fortunately, the nasty elements are easily cooked out using the many methods to create amazing dishes by steaming, boiling, frying, and baking. Incorporate taro into a snack, main meal, or as a dessert. There are many recipes: Taro Chips, Dim Sum-Style Taro Cake, add taro to your fried rice, sweet biscuits, or cakes. It can also be used in cooking instead of potatoes.

Poi can be made in the kitchen and it can be eaten with meat and other savory foods or as a healthy dessert.

Poi is a Hawaiian recipe and the traditional way to make it is by cooking the taro in the fire outside and after it’s cooked, the skin and bumps are peeled off, it is then grounded while adding water and this makes a paste. Poi is used in a meal to make you feel full and it is also used as baby food. When the Poi paste is made, it will not go off. Instead, it will ferment and many people prefer the aged Poi flavor. The leaves of the plant can also be cooked and are added to make a Hawaiian dish called Luau Stew.

Powdered taro can be bought to make Bubble Tea and it can also be used to make taro milk tea. In Western societies, it can be bought at Asian grocery shops as it is used in traditional Chinese recipes for making mooncakes for the Mid-Autumn Festival. A favorite Chinese dessert is a guilt-free healthy pudding that consists of taro, sago, and coconut milk.

Mama Cheung’s Taro Sago with Coconut Milk

Ingredients:

50 g bag of sago or tapioca 

200 g coconut milk, taro sliced 1 inch thick

400 ml water

Salt 1/6 tsp

Sugar 50 g 

Preparation:

Chop taro into pieces and steam.

Gently mash 100 g of the taro to release the aroma.

Boil the sago in the water, use medium to low heat, and cook until the sago is transparent.

Drain well and rinse with cold water.

Soak sago for 10 minutes to make it chewy.

Pour in coconut milk and add water to a pot.

Add sugar and salt, bring to a boil, and add the crushed taro.

Mix a ladle of coconut milk with the sago before pouring into the pot.

Add the remaining diced taro and bring to a boil.

Check that it is sweet enough.

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Trisha Haddock
My home is amongst the Australian bushland. Surrounded by nature this gives me the inspiration to create something exceptional or original in my writing or through a piece of art. I practice the Falun Dafa meditation and exercises to keeps a healthy and balanced life. I’m a keen backyard vegetable grower too and I love to pick and cook my own produce!
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